Political Ethnics of the Sacred Sites and Indigenous Societies--- The Research in Dali and Weishan, Southwest China
This project proposal focuses on the indigenous-‐Han relationships around Dali society in Yunnan, southwest China. Two main topics will be discussed: how the indigenous communities transferred their land to the military stations (juntun), which were mostly Han people, and the second, how the Han people were organized into the indigenous society. The research will especially on Dali and Weishan area, mainly because the Weishan was the homeland of the founder of Nanzhao Kingdom, now the indigenous people are Yi people, and Dali was the royal city of the Nanzhao and Dali Kingdoms, now their inhabitants are mostly Bai people. The two fields were set into different political formations since the Ming’s conquest, Dali was ruled directly by the bureaucracy system, which mean the noble people were organized into the household registration and corvee under the local government, but the indigenous people of Weishan was governed under their tribal headman, the tusi system. Meanwhile, the Han people were migrated to the two fields for military purpose. Under such situations, especially in the mid-‐Ming time, Dali people created many local texts of the Buddhist sacred site among their landscape, in contract, the Weishan people created the legends of their Daoist sacred site for their ancestral land. The research will also use the land deeds collected from the villages discuss how the political ethnics and social formation was related to the practice of the legends of sacred sites, how the societies separated themselves into “the others” under the Han’s migration, and how the Buddhist temples, village temples and sacred sites were to rebuild their social order and reset their social boundary.
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