Title: 大面積高效能之薄膜型全固態電致色變元件系統開發 (II)
Fabrication and Characterizations of Thin Film All-Solid-State Inorganic Electrochromic Device (II)
Authors: 曾俊元
Keywords: 電致色;節能窗;固態;氧化鎢;氧化鎳;Electrochromic Window;Solid State;Tungsten Oxide;Nickel Oxide;Nanowires
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: 電致色變節能窗(Electrochromic Windows)係一種可根據外界環境變化調整顏色及穿透率之大尺 寸玻璃顯示元件,獨特的光電性質使其可與太陽能電池搭配進行自動日照調控,可有效降低能源使 用。此類節能窗在國內外有相當多的研究,但是對於全固態薄膜式的變色節能元件(All-Solid-State ECD) 之研究卻不多,再加上電致色變元件目前仍存在有大面積變色不易、褪色及著色反應時間慢及價格昂 貴等缺點,造成應用上的限制,本計劃針對上述問題提出改善方法,研究重點著重在陣列式氧化鎢 (WO3)奈米棒、陣列式氧化鎳(NiO)奈米棒、無機固態電解質層及大面積元件製程的研發。 本計劃元件中之導電層、主要變色層及輔助變色層分別選用為 AZO、WO3 及NiO 三種材料,陣 列式奈米棒製備上首先在AZO 上方披覆一層結晶WO3 或NiO 薄膜晶種層,後續利用水熱法製程來成 長陣列式WO3 或NiO 奈米棒,該陣列以直立的陣列形式直接成長於AZO 薄膜上,預期能有效控制 陣列奈米線密度避免其遮蔽效應,增加其Li+的擴散速率來縮短反應時間而提高變色效率,無機固態 離子導電層將使用溶膠-凝膠法來製備LiBO2:LiF(doped)薄膜,添加LiF 的目的為增加Li+的濃度而更進 一步提高LiBO2 薄膜主體中離子導電率。 本 計 劃 之 目 的 為 製 備 出 大 面 積 薄 膜 型 全 固 態 電 致 色 變 元 件 系 統 (Glass/AZO/WO3/LiBO2:LiF(doped)/NiO/AZO/Glass),將進行一系列的特性分析,包含褪色及著色的響 應時間、循環次數、變色對比以及元件的穩定性等,預期目標為元件尺寸可達到20 cm × 20 cm 面積 規格,變色驅動電壓為小於±5 V,其切換速度約5 sec,並能有效阻擋80~95 %的紅外線與熱幅射之高 效能電致色變元件。
Electrochromic windows are windows that can be electronically darkened or lightened. A small voltage applied to the windows will cause them to darken; reversing the voltage causes them to lighten. They can be used for energy saving in buildings. Although such electrochromic windows have been studied by many research groups, but there are very limited studies on all-solid-state electrochromic device. In addition, the disadvantages such as non uniformity in large area device, slow response time in changing color, expensive etc. need to be solved in order to realize their practical applications. The main subjects of this proposal are to be investigated including: preparation of aligned tungsten oxide nanorods with suitable density for the primary electrochromic layer, well aligned nickel oxide nanorods with suitable density for the secondary color layer, the process development for fabricating an solid electrolyte [LiBO2:LiF(doped) film], and making all solid electrochromic device with large area. In this study, we will grow the AZO thin film on the glass substrate by using sol-gel process. The tungsten oxide or nickel oxide thin films will be deposited on AZO film coated glass via a spin coating method. Then the aligned arrays tungsten oxide or nickel oxide nanorods which perpendicular to the AZO film substrate will be grown by hydrothermal method. The good control of WO3 or NiO nanorod density is important to avoid self-shadowing effect. Using nanorod nanostructure can provide a short diffusion length for Li+ insertion, which can enhance the coloration efficiency of electrochromic thin-film devices. In addition, the LiBO2:LiF(doped) thin film using as an inorganic solid electrolyte of our electrochromic device will be fabricated by sol-gel process. When lithium fluoride is added to lithium borate, the ionic conductivity in the compounds will increase. The technologies for making large area of an all-solid-state electrochromic device (Glass/AZO/WO3/LiBO2:LiF(doped)/NiO/AZO/Glass) will be developed in this study. The device with large area (20 cm × 20 cm), low operating voltage (±5 V), and color/bleach response time (~5 sec.) will be expected to be obtained.
Gov't Doc #: NSC101-2623-E009-002-ET
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/98504
Appears in Collections:Research Plans