Transnational Mobility, Media Use and Identity: Understanding Second-Generation Taiwanese Migrants to China
This study aims to understand transnational mobility and media use behaviors of second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China. It also analyzes how their mobile lived experiences and media experiences reshape their cultural identity. China receives the largest number of overseas Taiwanese population in the world. Increasingly, the demographic characteristics of this population are also becoming heterogeneous. Taiwanese people migrate to China as part of the restructuring of the global economy. Consequently, their migration becomes an interesting case to examine migrant transnationalism. Besides, the issue regarding these people’s cultural identity has drawn much attention from scholars, partly because of Taiwan’s special political relations with China. Although this population is well studied, there is a lack of investigation into how they use media for information and entertainment, particularly under media control in China. In addition, less attention is paid to the second-generation, who may show different patterns of media use and cultural identity from their parents. This research project studies second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China. It integrates transnationalism in migration and media studies and explores how people renegotiate their identities in the situations of physical mobility and media flows. Adopting life history and reception analysis in qualitative research, I will in-depth interview 80 second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China and conduct 5 focus group interviews in Taiwan, Beijing and Xiaman. My research questions include: (1) What are the ideal types of migration patterns and social networks of second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China? What are their differences from the first-generation? (2) How do second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China use media to receive news and entertainment, and what kinds of social media do they use in their everyday lives? Are there any variations among these people? What accounts for these variations? (3) How do lived experiences and media experiences of Taiwanese migrants to China interact with each other and reshape their cultural identities? This study is theoretically and empirically important. It integrates the analysis of transnational mobility in migration and media studies. Besides, it will construct the ideal types of second-generation Taiwanese migrants to China.