Title: Studies on thermal properties of PS nanocomposites for the effect of intercalated agent with side groups
Authors: Fu, Huei-Kuan
Huang, Chih-Feng
Huang, Jieh-Ming
Chang, Feng-Chih
Department of Applied Chemistry
Keywords: nanocomposites;polystyrene;POSS
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2008
Abstract: Poly styrene-layered silicate nanocomposites were prepared from three new organically modified clays by emulsion polymerization method. These nanocomposites were exfoliated up to 3 wt% content of pristine clay relative to the amount of polystyrene (PS). The intercalated agents C-20, C-20-4VB, and C-20-POSS intercalated into the galleries result in improved compatibility between hydrophobic polymer and hydrophilic clay and facilitate the well dispersion of exfoliated clay in the polymer matrix. Results from X-ray diffraction, TEM and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicate that these intercalated agents are indeed intercalated into the clay galleries successfully and these clay platelets are exfoliated in resultant nanocomposites. Thermal analyses of polystyrene-layered silicate nanocomposites compared with virgin PS indicate that the onset degradation temperature ca. 25 degrees C increased and the maximum reduction in coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is ca. 40% for the C-20-POSS/clay nanocomposite. In addition, the glass transition temperatures of all these nanocomposites are higher than the virgin PS. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2008.01.013
ISSN: 0032-3861
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2008.01.013
Journal: POLYMER
Volume: 49
Issue: 5
Begin Page: 1305
End Page: 1311
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