|標題:||Perturbed hydrogen permeation of a hydrogen mixture - New phenomena in hydrogen permeation by Pd membrane|
|作者:||Chen, S. C.|
Hung, Caryat C. Y.
Tu, G. C.
Rei, M. H.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|關鍵字:||permeation of hydrogen mixture;failure of Sieverts equation with hydrogen mixture;hydrogen concentration effect;permselectivity;permeation of non-hydrogen gas by hydrogen mixture|
|摘要:||The newly developed constant concentration method was adopted to study the hydrogen permeation of a hydrogen mixture of H-2 + Y through a palladium membrane tube. The hydrogen permeation of the hydrogen mixture differs from that of a single hydrogen feed. For the hydrogen mixture, the well-known Sieverts equation, Q = J(H)/[(P-R(H))(1/2) - (P-P(H))(1/2)] fails to yield the correct hydrogen flux or permeance even after the pressure terms are adjusted to the partial pressure of hydrogen. The hydrogen concentration in the mixture affects both the flux and the permeance. Significant abnormal permeation of the non-hydrogen gas, Y, in the hydrogen permeates is detected during the hydrogen permeation of the mixture, H-2 + Y, even though Y-gas alone does not permeate through the defect-free palladium membrane. This Y-gas slippage in the presence of hydrogen in the mixture is tentatively attributed to the expansion of the palladium atomic lattice, enlarging inter-cluster openings. Y-gas permeates through the enlarged structure or grain boundary of the palladium atoms in the membrane. The permselectivity of a palladium membrane cannot be measured simply from the ratio of two separate permeation fluxes of H-2 and Y The permselectivity of a hydrogen mixture, H-2 + Y, measured by the constant concentration method in the retentate, is compared with that measured by the flowing-through method and with that determining from two separate measurements of H-2 and of Y. The three methods give different permselectivities of the same palladium membrane tube when the concentration ratio of H-2/Y is adjusted to 1. (C) 2008 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|期刊:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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