標題: Dynamical properties of a nonequilibrium quantum dot close to a dissipative quantum phase transition
作者: Chung, Chung-Hou
電子物理學系
Department of Electrophysics
公開日期: 7-Mar-2011
摘要: The dynamical decoherence rate and charge susceptibility of a nonequilibrium quantum dot close to a dissipative quantum phase transition are calculated. The setup concerns a resonance-level quantum dot coupled to two spinless fermionic baths with a finite bias voltage and an ohmic bosonic bath representing a dissipative environment. The system is equivalent to an anisotropic Kondo model. As dissipation strength increases, the system at zero temperature and zero bias exhibits a quantum phase transition of the Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) type between a conducting delocalized phase and an insulating localized phase. Within the nonequilibrium frequency-dependent renormalization group (RG) approach, the finite bias crossover in dynamical decoherence rate and charge susceptibility close to the transition are addressed. The dynamical decoherence rate is found to increase with increasing frequency. In the delocalized phase, it shows a singularity at frequencies equal to positive or negative bias voltage. As the system cross overs to the localized phase, the decoherence rate at low frequencies gets progressively smaller and the singular feature is gradually smeared out, leading to a single linear frequency dependence. The dynamical charge susceptibility at low frequencies shows a dip-to-peak crossover across the transition. Relevance of these results to the experiments is discussed.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.115308
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/9153
ISSN: 1098-0121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.115308
期刊: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume: 83
Issue: 11
起始頁: 0
結束頁: 0
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