|標題:||Neutral dissociation of hydrogen molecules in a strong laser field through superexcited states|
Lin, S. H.
Chin, S. L.
Institute of Molecular science
|摘要:||Fragmentation of hydrogen molecules in a strong laser field is studied experimentally and theoretically. Balmer lines (n -> 2) from hydrogen atoms are observed up to n = 14. The emission intensity of the two strongest Balmer lines versus laser intensity in a log-log plot gives a slope of more than 11. This indicates that some high-lying states in the continuum are excited resulting in neutral dissociation. Adapting Rydberg state approximation, the potential energy curves of superexcited states of hydrogen are plotted. Semi-empirical calculation confirms dissociation through these superexcited states. The upper limit of the lifetime of the superexcited states is obtained by an ultrafast pump and probe experiment by monitoring one of the fluorescence lines.|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICS B-ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS|