|標題:||The elusive excited states of bithiophene: a CASPT2 detective story|
Witek, Henryk A.
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
|關鍵字:||Excited states;Bithiophene;CASSCF;CASPT2;Vertical excitation energies;Absorption spectrum|
|摘要:||A systematic multi-reference perturbation theory investigation of the excitation energies and oscillator strengths for the lowest excited states of 2,2'-bithiophene unequivocally shows that its optical spectrum is produced by two (1) B (u) states separated from each other by approximately 1 eV. This picture is confirmed by additional calculations with alternative quantum chemical methods. Our findings are in strong contrast with the previous CASPT2 results of Rubio et al. [J Chem Phys 102:3580 (1995) and Chem Phys Chem 4:1308 (2003)], who predicted that the two lowest (1) B (u) states are quasi-degenerate. The methodological reasons responsible for the previous seemingly erroneous assignment of the optical spectrum of bithiophene are identified and explained in terms of unusually large coupling between the (1) B (u) states introduced by dynamical correlation effects. A general discussion of applicable computational techniques is offered aiming at avoiding similar problems for other molecular systems.|
|期刊:||THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY ACCOUNTS|