Title: Infrared Electroabsorption Spectroscopy of N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitroaniline in Acetonitrile/C(2)Cl(4): Solvation of the Solute and Self-Association of Acetonitrile
Authors: Wang, Wei-Chieh
Shigeto, Shinsuke
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
Issue Date: 5-May-2011
Abstract: Solvated structures of N,N-dimethyl-p-nitroaniline (DMPNA), an analog of p-nitroaniline (PNA), and self-associated structures of acetonitrile (ACN) in mixed solvents of ACN and C(2)Cl(4) were studied using infrared (IR) electroabsorption and FTIR spectroscopies. IR electroabsorption spectroscopy measures changes in IR absorption intensity upon application of external electric field modulation, which are a sensitive probe for permanent dipole moments. In ACN/CCl(4), PNA has been shown to occur as two distinct solvated forms, namely, 1:1 and 1:2 forms, which have one and two ACN molecule(s), respectively, associated with PNA. The IR electroabsorption and FTIR measurements on DMPNA show that, unlike PNA, DMPNA occurs as a monomer in ACN/C(2)Cl(4) rather than as specific solvated structures analogous to the 1:1 and 1:2 forms because of the substitution effect. Not only does the N, N-dimethyl substitution in DMPNA hamper solvation of ACN at the N(CH(3))(2) group, but it also indirectly blocks strong interactions with ACN at the NO(2) group. Furthermore, by using the AA signal of DMPNA as an internal intensity standard, it was found that the dipole moment of ACN in the DMPNA/ACN/C(2)Cl(4) system is about 1.5 times larger than that of the ACN monomer in dilute CCl(4) solution. This large value of the dipole moment in the solution studied here is attributable to the formation of a head-to-tail linear dimer of ACN, whereas the antiparallel dimer is energetically more favorable in the gas phase.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp110539k
ISSN: 1089-5639
DOI: 10.1021/jp110539k
Volume: 115
Issue: 17
Begin Page: 4448
End Page: 4456
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