標題: Electrocatalytic activity of Pt nanoparticles on a karst-like Ni thin film toward methanol oxidation in alkaline solutions
作者: Chen, Chung-Shou
Pan, Fu-Ming
Yu, Hsin-Jung
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
關鍵字: Nickel;Platinum nanoparticles;DMFC;CO tolerance;Alkaline solution
公開日期: 18-五月-2011
摘要: The study prepared rugged Ni thin films for the study on electrocatalytic methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in alkaline solutions. The rugged Ni thin film has a karst-like morphology, which provides a large surface area for Pt nanoparticle loading by pulse electrodeposition. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that the Pt/karst-Ni electrode had a high electrocatalytic activity toward MOR and CO tolerance in the KOH electrolyte. Ni(OH)(2) formed on the Ni support during the potential scan can enhance CO tolerance of Pt nanoparticles via the bi-functional mechanism. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood and the Eley-Rideal mechanisms are used to elucidate the role of OH surface groups on the Ni support and OH- ions in the electrolyte, respectively, in the enhancement of the CO tolerance. XPS analysis indicates that negative charges transfer from the Ni support to Pt nanoparticles. The electronic interaction may modify adsorption properties of CO adspecies on the Pt catalyst; the modification allows easy CO electro-oxidation by OH species surrounding the Pt nanoparticles, either from the Ni support or from the alkaline solution. The synergistic effect of the bifunctional mechanism and the electronic interaction makes the Pt/karst-Ni structure a good catalytic electrode for MOR in the KOH solution. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.03.002
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/8848
ISSN: 0926-3373
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.03.002
期刊: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
Volume: 104
Issue: 3-4
起始頁: 382
結束頁: 389
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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