Title: Carrier localization degree of In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on vicinal sapphire substrates
Authors: Li, Zhen-Yu
Lo, Ming-Hua
Chiu, Ching-Hua
Lin, Po-Chun
Lu, Tien-Chang
Kuo, Hao-Chung
Wang, Shing-Chung
Department of Photonics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2009
Abstract: In this work, we have grown In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN multiple quantum well (MQWs) epitaxial structure on vicinal sapphire substrates by low pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition and investigated the relationship between carrier localization degree and vicinal angles of sapphire substrates. The optical analysis confirmed that the In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN MQWs grown on 0.2 degrees-off sapphire substrate exhibited the smallest carrier localization degree and more ordered In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN MQW structure. In addition, mechanisms for carrier localization in In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN MQWs grown on vicinal substrate were discussed based on the results obtained from the power and temperature dependent photoluminescence measurements. The Raman spectrum showing the in-plane compressive stress of the GaN epitaxial structures grown on vicinal sapphire substrates revealed the relation between the dislocation density and the carrier localization degree in MQWs. From transmission electron microscopy images, the threading dislocation density (TDD) of In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN MQWs grown on 0.2 vicinal sapphire substrate at the bottom of n-GaN layer was about 9.4 X 10(8) cm(-2) and reduced to 3.0 X 10(8) cm(-2) at the top of n-GaN layer. We also obtained the TDD of 5.6 X 10(7) cm(-2) in the MQW region and only 1.0 X 10(7) cm(-2) in the p-GaN region. Based on the results mentioned above, 0.2 degrees-off substrate can offer In(0.2)Ga(0.8)N/GaN MQW blue light-emitting diode structures with benefits, such as high crystal quality, low defects, and small carrier localization degree. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. (DOI: 10.1063/1.3055264)
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3055264
ISSN: 0021-8979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3055264
Volume: 105
Issue: 1
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