A study of perceived fairness on traffic violation citation: taking Hsinchu City as an example
Dr. Yan-De Wang
|關鍵字:||分配公平;程序公平;互動公平;情境公平;Distributive Justice;Procedural Justice;Interactional Justice;Situational Justice|
另本研究發現類似Herzberg (1959)所提雙因子理論概念，影響違規人公平知覺感受並非如傳統二分法觀點「知覺公平」的反面是「知覺不公平」，知覺公不公平係屬於雙重連續帶的關係，即是「公平」(fairness)的反面是「沒有公平」(no fairness)，而「不公平」(unfairness)的反面是「沒有不公平」(no unfairness)。
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors the affect the perceived fairness of the traffic violators on their citations. The results show that police’ correct use of the law articles in determining violation punishment, the consistency in enforcement, the positive interpersonal interaction between police officers and violators, and the cultural factors all increased violators’ perceived fairness of their violation citations. In addition, the correct use of law articles, police’ biases, unconcern about the situational factors that cause violations, fix-up in law enforcement, and the age of violator were related with the perceived unfairness in the violators. In addition to uncovering the effect of the distributive justice, procedural justice, and interactional justice on traffic violators’ perceived fairness and unfairness, this study also found an effect from the situational factors on the perceived fairness and unfairness. Three situational factors, law enforcers’ concerns about the norm of harmonious interpersonal relationship, fix-up in law enforcement, and road conditions, all are related to the violators’ perceived unfairness. Paralleled with the two motivational factors uncovered in Herzberg’s study, two dimensions of fairness perception were uncovered in this study—perceived fairness and perceived unfairness. The dimensions are orthogonal to each other. No perceived unfairness does not imply a perceived fairness. This study found that factors that lead to perceived fairness are different from the factors that lead to perceived unfairness. The findings of this study not only provide information for the police on improving their law enforcement on traffic violations, but also make suggestions to government on designing public educations for preventing and reducing traffic violations.