標題: 國家創新政策比較: 以紐西蘭與台灣之生物科技業為例
National Innovation Policy in Biotechnology – New Zealand and Taiwan
作者: 班哲明
Ben Hall
林亭汝
Grace T. R. Lin
科技管理研究所
關鍵字: 國家創新系統;政策;創新;生物科技;紐西蘭;台灣;NIS;policy;innovation;biotechnology;New Zealand;Taiwan
公開日期: 2006
摘要: As we move further into the 21st century, innovation, and knowledge in general, are now regarded as two of the key drivers of economy. As both innovation and knowledge move to the forefront of national agendas, the big picture of the national innovation systems (NIS) affecting both the science and technology infrastructure and the public as a whole has to be addressed. There are a number of similarities between New Zealand and Taiwan, which allow for meaningful policy comparisons. Both countries are geographically small, with limited natural resources and population. Both have strong agricultural bases. Over the last few decades the governments of the two countries have transformed their respective societies from agrarian economies to industrialized, free market economies that can compete globally. Importantly, both countries have well established NISs and have earmarked biotechnology as a key area for their country’s future. Having singled out biotechnology, how is each country attempting to promote its growth? Have they implemented appropriate and focused policies? Using a framework designed to classify national policy tools, this paper sets out to determine the various policy approaches taken both in New Zealand and in Taiwan in the emerging biotechnology industry, the value of these transformation policies, and any major issues or areas which require attention.
As we move further into the 21st century, innovation, and knowledge in general, are now regarded as two of the key drivers of economy. As both innovation and knowledge move to the forefront of national agendas, the big picture of the national innovation systems (NIS) affecting both the science and technology infrastructure and the public as a whole has to be addressed. There are a number of similarities between New Zealand and Taiwan, which allow for meaningful policy comparisons. Both countries are geographically small, with limited natural resources and population. Both have strong agricultural bases. Over the last few decades the governments of the two countries have transformed their respective societies from agrarian economies to industrialized, free market economies that can compete globally. Importantly, both countries have well established NISs and have earmarked biotechnology as a key area for their country’s future. Having singled out biotechnology, how is each country attempting to promote its growth? Have they implemented appropriate and focused policies? Using a framework designed to classify national policy tools, this paper sets out to determine the various policy approaches taken both in New Zealand and in Taiwan in the emerging biotechnology industry, the value of these transformation policies, and any major issues or areas which require attention.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT009335532
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/79588
Appears in Collections:Thesis


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