Title: Growth of CaTiO(3) dendrites and rectangular prisms through a wet chemical method
Authors: Huang, Yi-Jen
Chiu, Hsin-Tien
Lee, Chi-Young
Department of Applied Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2009
Abstract: Dendrites and rectangular prisms of orthorhombic CaTiO(3) were synthesized massively by reacting titanium tetraisopropoxide with Ca(OH)(2) in basic solutions at 120 degrees C. Dendrites were formed in dilute base solution with moderate stirring while rectangular prisms were formed in concentrated base solution or with vigorous stirring. The 3-D hierarchical dendrites are constructed by a main branch, from which two side branches grow 48 degrees to the trunk. The growth directions of the branches were identified to be {102} and {012). On the other hand, the CaTiO(3) rectangular prisms have {110}, and {001} facets and a longitudinal direction along the normal vector of the {001} planes. The formation of the two distinct morphologies results from different growth behavior. Under non-equilibrium conditions, interface kinetics markedly affects the reaction, resulting from pressure field, heat flow, and crystal orientation, which leads to the formation of complex morphology dendrite. Under equilibrium conditions, thermodynamics dominates the reaction, resulting in exposing of the most stable plane, which leads to the formation of rectangular prisms.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b900213h
ISSN: 1466-8033
DOI: 10.1039/b900213h
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
Begin Page: 1904
End Page: 1909
Appears in Collections:Articles