標題: A356-20%SiC鋁基複合材料經等通道轉角擠型之微結構及性質研究
A Study on Microstructure and Properties of an A356-20%SiC Composite after Equal Channel Angular Extrusion
作者: 王清陽
朝春光
材料科學與工程學系
關鍵字: 等通道轉角擠型;A356-20%SiC;ECAE;A356-20%SiC
公開日期: 2006
摘要: 本實驗係以A356-20%SiC鋁基複合材料,選定不同模具、擠型速率、擠型溫度進行等通道轉角擠型並觀察其結果。並針對經過不同擠型溫度之A356-20%SiC鋁基複合材料試片進行微結構及性質進行研究。 實驗結果顯示,轉角120°無外弧角Ψ之模具擠型之試片破斷情形較不嚴重。不同擠型速率及擠型溫度低於100℃均會使經過轉角120°有外弧角Ψ模具之試片產生階梯狀破斷,而200℃、300℃擠型後則無。25℃至75℃之試片擠型後常溫硬度值與原材硬度值HV 88相近,300℃擠型試片之常溫硬度值則降至HV 84。試片內部SiC堆積於試片表面及轉角內側區域,但200℃及300℃試片SiC分布較均勻。試片內部孔隙率,由擠型溫度25℃之7.5%下降至擠型溫度300℃之4%。觀察不同平面之孔隙率可知擠型後試片無明顯之優選方向。
In this research, an A356-20%SiC composite through different equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) conditions of mold type、extrusion speed and extrusion temperature were investigated. Microstructure and properties of the A356-20%SiC composite through different extrusion temperatures were studied. The A356-20%SiC composite through 120°channel angle without additional angle Ψ extrusion had less breakage. The A356-20%SiC composite through 120°channel angle with additional angle Ψ extrusion generated ladder shape breakage with changing extrusion speed and extrusion temperatures under 100℃. However, the A356-20%SiC composite of 200℃ and 300℃ extrusion did not generated ladder shape breakage. Hardness of specimens through 25℃ to 75℃ extrusion resembled to hardness of the raw material which was HV 88. When extrusion temperature increased to 300℃, hardness was decreased to HV 84. SiC particles were accumulated at specimen surface and region of inner point of intersection of the two channels; however, that of 200℃ and 300℃ extrusion specimen was distributed more uniformly. The porosity fraction at 25℃ extrusion temperature is 7.5%, which was decreased to 4% at 300℃ extrusion temperature. No prefer orientation was produced by observing porosity fraction of different planes.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT009318505
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/78860
Appears in Collections:Thesis