Study on Taiwan’s Anti-Terrorism System after 911 Attack in USA
|關鍵字:||反恐機制;九一一事件;恐怖主義;關鍵基礎建設與重要資源;國土安全;Anti-Terrorism System;911 Attack;Terrorism;Critical Infrastructures and Key Resources;Homeland Security|
The 911 incident occurred inside the U.S. territory shocked the whole world. It not only reflected the issue of lacking anti-terrorist mechanism in U.S.A., more importantly, also made every nation to realize that anti-terrorism has become one of the problems such that the world together has to face in the 21st century. Taiwan has close relationship with many countries and naturally cannot keep out of all the changes in the international situation. It should get the corresponding information in a manner as early as possible, and endeavor to have link with the whole world for anti-terrorism action. Though Taiwan currently is not a main attacking target of the international terrorism, it cannot be excluded as a relay site for terrorists to lurk or commit crimes, as well as one of the main targets in the retaliation attack on U.S. by the terrorists. However, Taiwan’s anti-terrorist mechanism and related measures are not sound yet. In order to effectively counteract the attack of a terrorist incident, the governmental agencies related must carefully examine the possible unseen threatening factors domestically, and should further work out the solutions to establish viable mechanisms, so that it is possible to reduce risks and avert the damages caused by terrorist attacks. In the world’s group of leading nations, U.S. and U.K. have long been dedicated to the maintenance of peace in the world. They even launched wars to mitigate conflicts between regions and ease the tense ambiance. These behaviors, however, have roused the rage of terrorists in the Middle East, who then launches series of terrorist attacks on the U.S. and its allies. As a result, countries like the U.S. and U.K. already have better anti-terrorist mechanisms and related response measures in preventing terrorist invasion at any time for their harm to the territorial security. Japan, who is situated in Asia as Taiwan is, had focused its territorial security system on the prevention and relief against natural disasters until the 911 incident struck to U.S. After the incident took place, Japan also began to look at the threats made by terrorist attacks that would bring to the nation and people, and started to actively establish the anti-terrorism mechanism. This has somewhat similar to Taiwan’s current development for the anti-terrorism system. Because of Taiwan’s inexperience in anti-terrorist action, this research intends to plan on investigating Taiwan’s development of security industry in the aspects of law, mechanism, management, and execution, respectively, by citing the processes of anti-terrorism systems and their responding actions of the U.S., U.K. and Japan. In the meantime, the research also analyzes the particularity of geography and economic environment of Taiwan to point out the critical infrastructures and key resources. Especially, the emphasis is on the science industrial parks, which play the most important roles in anti-terrorism protection plan of Taiwan. Finally, this research will propose the results and suggestions as the references or examples for Taiwan to continuously enhance anti-terrorism mechanisms and develop the security industry business operations.