Title: Material functions of liquid n-hexadecane under steady shear via nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations: Temperature, pressure, and density effects
Authors: Tseng, Huan-Chang
Wu, Jiann-Shing
Chang, Rong-Yeu
Department of Applied Chemistry
Keywords: flow instability;molecular dynamics method;organic compounds;rheology;shear flow;viscosity
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2009
Abstract: Computer experiments of rheology regarding the effects of temperature (T), pressure (P), and density (rho) on steady shear flow material functions, which include viscosity (eta) and first and second normal stress coefficients (psi(1) and psi(2)) depending on shear rate (gamma), have been conducted via nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations for liquid n-hexadecane. Straightforwardly, using both characteristic values of a zero-shear-rate viscosity and critical shear rate, eta-gamma flow curves are well normalized to achieve the temperature-, pressure-, and density-invariant master curves, which can be formulary described by the Carreau-Yasuda rheological constitutive equation. Variations in the rate of shear thinning, obviously exhibiting in eta-gamma, psi(1)-gamma, and -psi(2)-gamma relationships, under different T, P, and rho values, are concretely revealed through the power-law model's exponent. More importantly, at low shear rates, the fluid explicitly possesses Newtonian fluidic characteristics according to both manifestations; first and second normal stress differences decay to near zero, while nonequilibrium states are close to equilibrium ones. Significantly, the tendency to vary of the degree of shear thinning in rheology is qualitatively contrary to that of shear dilatancy in thermodynamics. In addition, a convergent transition point is evidently observed in the -psi(2)/psi(1)-gamma curves undergoing dramatic variations, which should be associated with shear dilatancy, as addressed analytically.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3080768
ISSN: 0021-9606
DOI: 10.1063/1.3080768
Volume: 130
Issue: 8
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