Innovation Policies and Industry Strategies: A Comparative and Successive Research
|關鍵字:||國家創新政策;比較型與接續型研究;半導體政策與產業策略;供應鏈發展;多準則決策模式;National innovation policy;comparative & Successibe reseach;MCDM;Semiconductor policy and industrial strategy;Supply-chain development strategy|
Prosperity of high-tech industries has been the main fostering factor of developing national or area economy since the 1970s. The global horizons are that quality innovation policies led by national governments can enhance industrial and economic development associated with appropriate business models of enterprises. First, this research portrayed and analyzed the dimensions and contexts of national innovation policy between Taiwan and Singapore. Based on the research results derived from a comparison of the two small technology-oriented island countries, this research discovered how their governments could assist high-tech companies in developing related strategies for creating competitive advantages nationally and globally. Particularly, in a comparative analysis of innovation performance between these two countries, Taiwanese public institutes take an active role in innovation/R&D and focus their policies on specific industries—a top-down approach; whereas the Singapore government promotes innovation by public enterprises establishments. Second, this dissertation conducted next-step research on how the integrated circuit (IC) foundry industry of Taiwan had developed its supply-chain strategy, and how IC design houses in Taiwan had selected appropriate IC foundry providers. Taiwan’s IC foundry industry and fabless IC design houses have ranked first and second, respectively, in terms of their worldwide market shares in recent years. This dissertation therefore adopted the whole industry chain as a case research of industry strategy covering key themes connecting to what is after national innovation policy. The multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) methods such as the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) technique, the analytic network process (ANP), and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) were applied to these two strategy selection researches. The research concerning these two mentioned topics is hoped to demonstrate how Taiwan’s specific and important industry chain has been developing its strategies in varying management aspects, apart from the government’s guidance and assistance. From evaluating the character and impact of the competitive advantage of individual supply-chain strategies, the study findings showed that strategy adjustments occur dynamically. Thus, companies are driven to make adjustments to strengthen their competitive advantages in a dynamic business environment. In addition, the most critical supply-chain strategy for Taiwan’s IC foundry industry through the survey is “business alliance.” Moreover, the “contribution to customer’s cost competition” and “process/technology roadmap alignment” are the two most important key influence factors of the offered strategies. Finally, the goal of the last step of research was to analyze the evaluation criteria used by IC designers when selecting IC foundry service providers. With an MCDM model considering the aspects of technology, production, customer service and support, and manufacturing location, we interviewed managers and experts of Taiwan’s IC design firms using the AHP survey with 16 attributes to determine the areas of top concern with respect to IC foundry evaluation criteria. In this study process, technology is found to be the most significant evaluation criterion in view of competitiveness in the customer market. The increase in organizational and geographical mobility of knowledge may help those emerging economies use national innovation system to link between policy and industry development. However, the geography of knowledge is not a flatter world, thus, it is important to figure out how those emerging economies can learn from the successful experience of Taiwan and Singapore. We suggest that some future research could focus on the paradigm shift in the field of NIS and industries development in emerging economics.
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