Developing Nuclear Forensics Capability in Taiwan
|關鍵字:||鑑識科學;原子科學;核鑑識;核走私;核盜竊;輻射彈;Forensic Science;Nuclear Science;Nuclear Forensics;Smuggling of Nuclear Forensics;Trafficking of Nuclear Forensics;Radiation Bomb|
Nuclear forensics has become a critical tool to combat crimes such as biological and radiological terrorist attacks, smuggling, trafficking, theft, illegal possession, or attempt to illegally sell of nuclear materials and radioactive substances. Nuclear forensics is not only an international issue but also an emerging interdisciplinary science, combining forensic science and nuclear science. Though nuclear forensics and crime are a big issue concerned by most people in the world, people in Taiwan do not have knowledge of it. As a member of the world, we have duties of treating the increase cases of smuggling, trafficking and theft in nuclear and radioactive materials. How to make people in Taiwan notice the importance of nuclear safety issues and nuclear forensics will be discussed in this study. The study will collect secondary data to explore forensic science and nuclear science. From the definition of nuclear forensics, we talk about relations and applications of nuclear science and forensic science. From international occurred cases, we not only emphasize the importance of nuclear safety issues, but also discuss the problems of radiation bomb (dirty bombs) terrorist attacks. After that, we cite the development of international nuclear forensics. Through comparative method to compare current situation among Taiwan and other countries in four dimensions, which are awareness of nuclear forensics, researchers training, equipment integration and rule making, to identify differences and strengthen nuclear forensics energy of Taiwan. Therefore, with Taiwan’s national conditions, the study can develop a set of recommendations in the construction of nuclear forensics in Taiwan, as well as enhance Taiwan's public concern about nuclear safety issues and nuclear forensics. Through organizing international cases of nuclear forensics, we are looking for people in Taiwan can pay attention of this issue.