標題: Interfacial Reactions and Bonding Strength of Sn-xAg-0.5Cu/Ni BGA Solder Joints
作者: Lin, K. S.
Huang, H. Y.
Chou, C. P.
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
關鍵字: ball pull test;bonding strength;interface;lead-free solder;Sn-Ag-Cu
公開日期: 1-Mar-2009
摘要: The present study details the microstructure evolution of the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) layer formed between the Sn-xAg-0.5Cu (x = 1, 3, and 4 wt.%) solder balls and electroless Ni-P layer, and their bond strength variation during aging. The interfacial IMCs layer in the as-reflowed specimens was only (Cu,Ni)(6)Sn(5) for Sn-xAg-0.5Cu solders. The (Ni,Cu)(3)Sn(4) IMCs layer formed when Sn-4Ag-0.5Cu and Sn-3Ag-0.5Cu solders were used as aging time increased. However, only (Cu,Ni)(6)Sn(5) IMCs formed in Sn-1Ag-0.5Cu solders, when the aging time was extended beyond 1500 h. Two factors are expected to influence bond strength and fracture modes. One of the factors is that the interfacial (Ni,Cu)(3)Sn(4) IMCs formed at the interface and the fact that fracture occurs along the interface. The other factor is Ag(3)Sn IMCs coarsening in the solder matrix, and fracture reveals the ductility of the solder balls. The above analysis indicates that during aging, the formation of interfacial (Ni,Cu)(3)Sn(4) IMCs layers strongly influences the pull strength and the fracture behavior of a solder joint. This fact demonstrates that interfacial layers are key to understanding the changes in bonding strength. Additionally, comparison of the bond strength with various Sn-Ag-Cu lead-free solders for various Ag contents show that the Sn-1Ag-0.5Cu solder joint is not sensitive to extended aging time.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-008-9276-7
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/7573
ISSN: 1059-9495
DOI: 10.1007/s11665-008-9276-7
期刊: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
Volume: 18
Issue: 2
起始頁: 182
結束頁: 189
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