Analysis of common implementation barriers for building information modeling (BIM) project management in Taiwan: empirical study
|關鍵字:||建築資訊模型;專案管理;執行窒礙;導入專案評選;技術服務供應商評選;風險評估;績效評估;BIM;project management;common implementation barrier;project selection;service provider selection;risk assessment;performance evaluation|
Building information modeling (BIM) is an emerging technology that uses digital information models in a virtual space to achieve high-quality and efficient construction and management throughout the lifecycle of a facility. Several international construction projects have been successfully completed by implementing BIM technology. Unfortunately, not much sufficient, effective research has been conducted on BIM project management issues, and hence the envisaged results have not been achieved. Because the cost of implementing a BIM project is relatively high, it is critical for an organization to make a project a success and begin obtaining benefits from the project as fast as possible. According to a BIM implementation survey in this study, nearly 60% of respondents reported that they struggled with four BIM implementation barriers in project management; such as BIM project selection, BIM service provider selection, risk assessment, and performance evaluation during different BIM project process. Neither successful implementation nor implementation problems can be objectively identified without benchmarking firms that apply BIM. To address these issues, we propose the following research questions: Which of the factors identified in the literature or by industry practitioners are applicable to select suitable project for BIM implementation in Taiwan? Which of the factors identified in the literature or by industry practitioners are applicable to select suitable BIM service providers in Taiwan? Which of the risk factors identified in the literature or from industry practitioners are applicable to risk assessment of BIM projects in Taiwan? What is the practical framework for BIM project performance evaluation? Based on extensive literature review of BIM research and studies, a theoretical framework II was developed to aid the research process of the questions. To accomplish the aims of this research, we adopt decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods. After conducting the survey and empirical case analysis, the research results are summarized as follows: A total of 24 criteria relevant to BIM project selection were surveyed and identified. The 11 potential factors that were influential to BIM project selection are suggested to assist organizations to consider when facing the decision which project is appropriate for BIM implementation. A total of 28 criteria relevant to BIM service providers were surveyed and identified. The 16 potential factors that were influential to BIM service provider selection are suggested to assist decision makers to select potential suppliers. A total of 13 risk factors relevant to BIM adoption in construction projects were surveyed and identified. The BIM project potential risk factors were identified at various levels, including the industry level, market level, and organizational level. A comprehensive performance evaluation model for BIM construction projects is proposed. A set of key performance indicators (KPIs) for the performance evaluation model is proposed.