Exploring Community Supported Agriculture in Taiwan: Case Studies of Eco_Farm and Qianjia Farm
|關鍵字:||社區協力農業;社區支持型農業;友善耕作;生態農業;永續;CSA;community supported agriculture;ecological agriculture;sustainable|
|摘要:||社區協力農業（Community Supported Agriculture；CSA）是指，在產季開始之前，社區的支持者先繳交「會費」給農夫，而農夫承諾以友善環境的方式生產健康的作物，並與支持者共享，不論豐收或欠收。CSA是一種生產者與消費者共同承諾承擔風險與收穫的產銷模式，它沒有既定的規則與標準，強調的是因地制宜。因此，在實務的操作上可以有許多變化與創意作法。
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) means that before the growing season starts, supporters pay 'membership fee’ to farmers those who promise to produce healthy crops by treating the environment friendly and share the crops with them, no matter good or bad crops. CSA is the model of production and marketing to promise to take risk or gather in the crops between producers and consumers. It has no regular rules or standards, but emphasizes to adjust measure to local circumstances. Therefore, there are various changeable and creative methods in the realistic practice. This research focuses on two farms in HsinChu district, HsinChu City' Qianjia Farm’ and HsinChu County' Eco_Farm’ for case studies to record and confer on CSA. These two farms have common parts, but are shaped into different operation manners and plantation landscapes due to farmers’ dissimilar style and recognition of CSA. These two farms’ business all exposes that returning homeland to engage in agriculture is feasible and can make enough to feed whole family. In the meantime, CSA which is brought in Taiwan is still in initial stage, so localization of CSA is in adaptive and convertible status, and needs to break through some limitations. This research optimistically anticipates that the production mode on base of family smallholder will connect with family, community and people's lives more tightly to drive a sustainable human development.