標題: 珊瑚環礁塊礁分佈圖製作研究
Coral Reef Patch Mapping
作者: 侯尚儒
Hou, Shang-Ju
史天元
Shih, Tian-Yuan
土木工程系所
關鍵字: 趨勢面;分割;珊瑚礁;trend surface;segmentation;coral reef
公開日期: 2013
摘要: 珊瑚礁是由珊瑚不斷生長、堆積而成,依其地形構造,可以分成礁原和礁斜面兩大部分,依其形態則可分成裙礁、堡礁、及環礁。本研究之區域為東沙環礁,目的是偵測並繪製東沙環礁內礁塊的分布。 本研究所使用的數據資料,包含數值高程模型(DEM)與衛星影像,研究區域依地貌特徵選取三幅 1/5,000圖幅,其位置分別為潟湖區中央、潟湖區與礁台上的交界處、與礁台上。 本研究採用之偵測礁塊位置,包含地形趨勢面分析與物件導向分割,前者僅能以DEM進行偵測,而後者則可應用於DEM與衛星影像及兩者整合。以自動方式偵測出的結果,與以人工目視DEM判斷、手繪出的塊礁分布比對。在各種方法與組合中,以結合DEM與影像進行物件導向分割的成果最佳。其中五組不同比重的分析中,又以DEM比重為5,影像比重為1的效果最佳,三個研究區域的平均正確率高達0.97以上,Kappa值為0.84以上。
Coral reef is formed by the corals’ growth and accumulation. According to the geography, it can be divided into two parts: the flat and the slope. By its construction, coral reef can be divided into three types: the fringing reef, the barrier reef and the atoll reef. The atoll reef areas on Dongsha Island are what being researched in this study, and this research aims at detecting and drawing the location of reefs around the Dongsha atoll area. The data used in this research includes digital elevation model (DEM) and satellite images. Three 1/5000 drawings had been chosen as the researched area depending on the characteristics of terrain, and their locations are: the middle of the lagoon area, the junction of the lagoon and the reef plat, and the reef plat. Trend surface analysis and object based segmentation are the two reef location-detecting ways that this research uses. The first one can only detect the location of reefs in DEM, while the second can detect both in DEM and the satellite images. The detected results will be compared with the real situation basing on the human observation of DEM and the sketched map of the reefs distribution. According to the different ways and combinations, it proves that object based segmentation in combination of the image of DEM, serves best. Among the five different analyses, the best one is DEM weight of 4 and image weight of 1. The average accuracy of the three areas is above 0.97, and the Kappa coefficient is higher than 0.84.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT070051283
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/74081
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