Analysis of Chinese Idiomatic Strategies Using Habitual Domains and Competence Sets
|關鍵字:||習慣領域;能力集合;潛在領域;實際領域;可達領域;Habitual Domains;Competence Sets;Potential Domains;Aatual Domains;Reachable Domains|
|摘要:||計策常出現在突如其來的時刻或意想不到之處，孫子說：「善戰者，致人而不致於人。」要成功「致人」，就必須主動發現問題、掌握問題的實際領域（Actual Domains：AD）、潛在領域(Potential Domains：PD)、可達領域(Reachable Domains：RD)，主動影響對手對其能力集的運用，如此才能超越對手的HD，攻其不備，出其不意，進而創造成功。
It is quite often that “tactics” are coming out of nowhere, at the times when we do not expect them at all, or in places where we normally would not think of. Sunzi said “People who are good at warfare know how to restrict their rival, and not be restricted.” If one wants to restrict and conquest his/her rival, he/she needs to proactively find out and control on the Actual Domains, Potential Domains, and Reachable Domains of the problems involved, and to aggressively influence his/her rivals’ use of their competence sets. With such effort, he/she could surpass the habitual domains (HD) of his/her rivals as to make surprise attack when the opponent is off-guard, and create success. Each one of the thirty-six tactics is named in either four-word or three-word idioms. The name of each strategy can readily reveal the intrinsic meaning of the tactic. The past studies on these idiomatic strategies are usually based on Actual Domains (AD). They made analyses on the actual actions of the tactics. They seldom analyze the transformation and interactions of the competence sets which ever evolves and changes in the players’ Potential Domains. This study uses the classifications compiled by Professor Li (Li, Han-Lin) and Professor Yu (Yu, Po-Lung) on the Sixty-Six Tactics of Chinese Idiom Strategies and Sunzi Bingfa to make analyses the well known Thirty-Six Tactics. Habitual Domain Theory and Competence Sets analysis are the main tools to study and analyze the tactics. We show how the tactics work toward success. Examples drawn from history and/or business cases are used to illustrate the meanings of the tactics and show how to put them to work in our daily lives. In front of challenging decision problems, these tactics and illustrations can reduce decision blinds and allow us to make good decisions.