標題: 0.5微米500伏特99.65% 高感應精準度傳感預測器之電氣隔離充電器應用
Open-Loop Trans-Predictor with 99.65% Battery Voltage Accuracy for Electrical Isolation AC Charger System in 0.5μm 500V UHV Process
作者: 林浩元
Lin, Hao-Yuan
陳科宏
Chen, Ke-Horng
電機學院電機與控制學程
關鍵字: 隔離式 充電器;PSR Charger
公開日期: 2013
摘要: 在現今社會,可攜式產品已經成為人人不可或缺的必備工具。隨著電子產品的蓬勃發展,可充電電池也成為目前最適合可攜式產品使用的行動電源。因此,如何以最理想且安全的方式將能量傳遞到電池,對電池進行最快速也最有效率的充電是一個重要的課題。在電池到充電器之間所產生寄生電阻等非理想效應會對充電器判斷輸出電壓大小造成不小的影響,進而影響充電器的效能。本文所提出之開迴路控制器是一種高效率而且低成本的充電器,同時也是一種能容忍市電的高輸入電壓隔離式充電器。但是此控制器與一般控制器最大的分別就是它並沒有直接的迴授路徑來獲取輸出電壓資訊,因此如何準確從輔助繞組中去取得輸出電壓資訊同時排除上述非理想效應所造成的影響,進而準確控制整個系統變成一個重要問題。此外,為了確保充電器在定電流充電模式與定電壓充電模式皆能保持穩定且平穩切換,本切換式充電器將定電流充電迴路與定電壓充電迴路並聯,且同時達到兩者的穩定性。 本篇論文完成一具有排除非理想效應的電池電壓精準偵測電路。不同於以往的方式,這次提出的偵測電路不僅能準確的偵測電池電壓,並不需要外部原件來做修正,同時也使所有的控制路徑在定電流充電模式與定電壓充電模式皆能保持穩定且平穩切換。為了使效率更進一步提升,波谷切換以及動態頻率切換被應用在定電壓充電模式。
Electronic devices in all kinds of fields have been requested to run after perfection in terms of every aspect in recently. Nowadays, most of household appliances and portable devices in use are directly connected to the supply via plugs and sockets to get activated or to charge its built-in battery. With the rapid growth in the consumer electronics, rechargeable mobile battery bank has proved to be the most compatible for portable devices. The proposed open-loop regulator is a high efficiency and low cost solution for power applications, and it is also a high input voltage isolated charger compatible with AC supply. However, the biggest difference between the proposed and general regulators is that the proposed has no direct feedback loop to obtain output information. Hence, it’s a major challenge to precisely detect the battery voltage from auxiliary winding, and thus to accurately control the entire system. This proposed open-loop regulator charger excludes non-ideal effects from the practical battery. Besides, the proposed technique detects battery voltage precisely without any feedback network and has all control paths stabilized and switched smoothly under constant voltage and constant current modes. Valley switching and dynamic frequency switching are both set and applied in the constant voltage mode in order to pursue high efficiency and performance.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT070060605
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/73622
Appears in Collections:Thesis


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