Title: Master curves and radial distribution functions for shear dilatancy of liquid n-hexadecane via nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations
Authors: Tseng, Huan-Chang
Wu, Jiann-Shing
Chang, Rong-Yeu
Department of Applied Chemistry
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2009
Abstract: Shear dilatancy, a significant nonlinear behavior of nonequilibrium thermodynamics states, has been observed in nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations for liquid n-hexadecane fluid under extreme shear conditions. The existence of shear dilatancy is relevant to the relationship between the imposed shear rate (gamma) over dot and the critical shear rate (gamma) over dot(c). Consequently, as (gamma) over dot < (gamma) over dot(c), the intermolecular equilibrium distance of the fluid remains unchanged, while the nonequilibrium state of the fluid approaches equilibrium. In contrast to (gamma) over dot > (gamma) over dot(c), the intermolecular distance is lengthened substantially by strong shear deformation breaking the equilibrium thermodynamic state so that shear dilatancy takes place. Notably, a characteristic shear rate (gamma) over dot(m), which depends on the root mean square molecular velocity and the average free molecular distance, is found in nonequilibrium thermodynamics state curves. Studies of the variations in the intermolecular radial distribution function (RDF) with respect to the shear rate provide a direct measure of the variation in the degree of intermolecular separation. Additionally, the variations of the RDF curve in the microscopic regime are consistent with those of the nonequilibrium thermodynamic state in the macroscopic world. By inspecting the overall shape of the RDF curve, it can be readily corroborated that the fluid of interest exists in the liquid state. More importantly, both primary characteristic values, the equilibrium thermodynamic state variable and a particular shear rate of (gamma) over dot(p), are determined cautiously, with (gamma) over dot(p) depending on the (gamma) over dot(m) value and the square root of pressure. Thereby, the nonequilibrium thermodynamic state curves can be normalized as temperature-, pressure-, and density-invariant master curves, formulated by applying the Cross constitutive equation. Clearly, (gamma) over dot(c) occurs at which a reduced shear rate (gamma) over dot/(gamma) over dot(p) approaches 0.1. Furthermore, the trends in the rates of shear dilatancy in both the constant-pressure and constant-volume NEMD systems under isothermal conditions conform to the cyclic rule of pressure, as a function of density and shear rate. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3123171]
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3123171
ISSN: 0021-9606
DOI: 10.1063/1.3123171
Volume: 130
Issue: 16
End Page: 
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