State and Local Society in Late Empire China：A Case Study from Houlong, Taiwan
Chang, Ju Hui
|關鍵字:||清代;淡新檔案;鄉治;仕紳;後壠;派捐;Qing Dynasty;Dan Xin Archives;village self-governance system;gentry;Houlong;compulsory contribution|
This study is based on Dan Xin Archives and investigates the operation of the government system and the village self-governance system. It shows the interaction between the state and the local society. In Qing dynasty, the local government only got enough money for employees, and had to get money from gentry for the local affairs. For the purpose, the local government asked the local gentry and the people of the village self-governance system(sometimes in another region) to ensure that they could get enough money and have the local affairs done. In 1881, the typhoon caused the flood of Houlong River. For building the embankment of Houlong River, the local government gave orders to local people for compulsory contribution and asked the gentry in Houlong to get enough money and workers for it. Most gentry who were invited by the local government got honor by devoting wealth to the state(Endowing Policy) and also were rich men in Houlong. The government got the local affairs finished by corporation of the government system and the village self-governance system---the way that the gentry in Houlong established their fame in local society. The relationship between the government system and the village self-governance system was not always steady, however, the local government could control the gentry by its power. In other words, the government got the control of the gentry, also got the local society steady.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
Files in This Item: