Junior High School Students Self-Identity on the Social Network Usage Discussion - A Case Study on Facebook
The physical and mental development of junior high school students are in adolescence. For the rise of self-consciousness and hesitating in being themselves, they need to build their own self-esteem by outside forces. The influence of peers is particularly important in this stage. Through the peer recognition and supports to confirm their self-worth and identity. In addition to school life, they highly emphasize the connections to others from Internet. We base Erikson's adolescent self-identity theory and "The Developmental Differences of Identity Content and Exploration among Adolescents of Different Stages" of Kun-Hu Chen, Keng-Ling Lay and Yin-Chang Wu(2005) and use the two factors, identity importance and identity firmness. From analyzing the number of friends in Facebook, we try to investigate the importance of peers and whether self-identity effects the activities on Facebook. It was found that there is no significant comparison on the self-identity firmness. Junior high school students are in the stage of self-values establishment and self-searching. Therefore, in this stage, the effect of social-networking is not noticeable on the aspect of identity firmness. However, the students with higher identity importance have more friends, in the same school or the same class, than those with lower ones. They are also more active on Facebook. It shows that higher self-identity means that they understand their needs. So that they take the initiative on Facebook to satisfy themselves. For low self-identity students, they are unclear what they need then they could not have significant differences on Facebook activities and friends count.