Title: A Computational Study on the Adsorption Configurations and Reactions of Phosphorous Acid on TiO(2) Anatase (101) and Rutile (110) Surfaces
Authors: Raghunath, P.
Lin, M. C.
Institute of Molecular science
Issue Date: 14-May-2009
Abstract: We report the result of a density functional theory study on the adsorption and decomposition pathways of phosphorous acid (H(3)PO(3)) on TiO(2) anatase (101) and rutile (110) surfaces. The most stable adsorption structure for H(3)PO(3) and its isomer, HP(O)(OH)(2), is a monodentate adsorption mode for the anatase surface with calculated adsorption energies 23.5 and 38.5 kcal/mol and a bidentate adsorption mode for rutile surface with 26.7 and 36.6 kcal/mol. The mechanisms for the surface reactions of these species have been explicitly elucidated with the computed potential energy surfaces. The barriers for the stepwise H(3)PO(3) H-migration to two nearby bridged O atoms reactions on anatase leads to Ti-OP(OH)O-Ti(a) + 2H-O(b)(a) with 7.9 and 6.8 kcal/mol barriers. Even lower activation barriers (1.3 and 2.9 kcal/mol) have been obtained on the rutile (110) surface for the same bond breaking modes. The intermediate Ti-OP(OH)O-Ti(a) thus formed on both surfaces can further decompose via two distinct pathways through H-migration to the P atom and H(2)O elimination to produce Ti-OP(H)(O)O-Ti(a) and Ti-OPO-Ti(a), respectively. In addition, we have calculated the adsorption and reactions of the dimer of H(3)PO(3) on both surfaces. The most noticeable difference occurs in the energy levels of the H(3)PO(3) reactions on the anatase and rutile surfaces, with the rutile being more reactive than the anatase surface. The predicted adsorption energies show that Ti-OP(OH)O-Ti(a) with two hydrogen atoms on bridged surface oxygen atoms is 47.1 kcal/mol for anatase and 42.4 kcal/mol for rutile; both are low when compared with the Ti-OB(OH)O-Ti(a) on the same surfaces, 140.1 and 134.6 kcal/mol, respectively. Our density of states analysis shows that OB(OH)O has a larger overlap with the TiO(2) surface than OP(OH)O has, favoring the former's charge transfer efficiency.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp900747p
ISSN: 1932-7447
DOI: 10.1021/jp900747p
Volume: 113
Issue: 19
Begin Page: 8394
End Page: 8406
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