The study of Neiwan Line（1946-2011）
This paper studies the goal and the process to the construction of Neiwan Line from geographical, historical, and humanistic point of view. It also talks about how business along the railway affected the role that the line played. During the Japanese Occupation, the Japanese coveted the resources in the mountains in Hsinchu. Taiwan Residency General asked Taiwan Power Company to construct a railway to mine these resources. The construction of the railway didn’t stop until the Japanese government surrendered unconditionally. After the war, in order to develop the part of Hsinchu, the local governments and community organizations hoped to keep on building Jhudong Railway which was from Hsinchu to Jhudong. The national government thought there were timber, silica, limestone and other rich resourses in the mountains, so they agreed to do it. The railway was the branch line which was first constructed after the war in Taiwan. After that, the government constructed Neiwan Line which was from Jhudong to Neiwan for coal delivery. During the construction, the political situation was unstable in China. The resources in Taiwan had to support the need in China. It made the supplies in Taiwan run short. The pay for workers and materials increased more than ten times the price. The funds were raised again and again, but the construction in progess was delayed seriously. The country’s finances were really bad then, so the branch line was stopped constructing in Shifenliao. However, the locals petitioned hard to proceed the construction. Finally, when the government held a celebration for completing the part from Jhudong to Hexing, they decided to keep on constructing the part from Hexing to Neiwan. In order to save money, part of the workers are soldiers. At last, they finished all the parts from Hsinchu to Neiwan on September first, 1951. And it was called Neiwan Line. The earnings of Neiwan Line went up and down with the business along the railway. When the minerals dried up, the traditional industries gradually declined. The railway couldn’t make any money. People said it would be closed someday. The line didn’t get rid of the fate of elimination until it transformed into a tourist transport. In recent years, the economy is not booming. The government stimulates economic growth with the policy about tourism. The public pays more attention on their leisure time, and Neiwan Line attracts tourists by marketing. In order to further revitalize the tourism, the Hsinchu to Jhudong section of the Neiwan Line suspended operation for the construction work. It restarted operation on November 11, 2011. Neiwan Line plays an important role to improve the tourism. Can it be developed with sustainability? It depends on the vision of the government, the wisdom of the locals, and the innovation of the traditional industry.