A Study of Leakage Prevention of Chemicals and the Emergency Response in a Semiconductor Plant
|關鍵字:||高科技產業;危害因子辨識;緊急應變;High-tech industry;Recognition for dangerous materials;Emergency Management|
In the high-tech industry, chemicals are often used in order to manufacture products. However, most chemicals or reaction products potentially carry high risks and dangers. Once these hazardous substances leak, they will not only cause workers discomfort, but endanger their lives. Furthermore, if accidents were caused by flammable or spontaneously combustible substances, they will cause greater loss of lives and property damage. In this thesis, we discuss ways to prevent unusual calamities on the basis of a case study. Methods including joint inspections and regular on-the-spot investigations by representatives and directors from different respective sectors can ensure the industry comply with safety and hygiene regulation and equip workers with abilities to identify hazardous factors. By practicing methods indicated in our study case, hazardous factors discovered actively by workers were increased from 5 to 61 elements per year from 2008 to 2012. Moreover, the training enables workers to know more about the seriousness of an unusual calamity and the importance of complying with standard operating procedures. Based on our case study, the data show the occurrence frequency of unusual calamities resulted from ignoring the standard operating procedures had dropped from 55 to 7 cases per year. In order to react effectively at the moment when unusual calamities happen, the plant in our case study creates three training methods and one supplementary scheme, hoping to equip workers with abilities to contingency management, minimize the average time for workers to put on protective equipment in a safe and correct manner, and reduce the time for controlling the emergency.