Development of Green Port Strategies in Busan Port and Kaohsiung Port
|關鍵字:||綠色港口;釜山港;高雄港;氣候變遷;Green Port;Busan Port;Kaohsiung Port;Climate change|
ABSTRACT After industrialization began in Western countries, average global temperatures have steadily increased at a rate of 0.75°C over the last century. In 1992, this fact of climate change was acknowledged globally through the Rio Declaration of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. After this acknowledgement sustainability management became an issue of consideration in all fields of industry. In particular, in the field of maritime transportation, developed countries have gradually begun to conduct Green Port initiatives for minimizing the environmental impact caused by ships and port operational activities. Following this trend of Green Ports, the Port of Busan in South Korea and the Port of Kaohsiung in Taiwan (Republic of China), as major ports in the world, have initiated planning for implementation of Green Port initiatives. However, the Green Port initiatives of these two ports are only implemented very gradually, due to their countries’ overriding focus on their development and growth. Accordingly, the purpose of this report is to suggest effective strategies for the development of Green Port initiatives at theses two ports, allowing them to enhance the quality of their performance, policy and plan implementation as a Green Port. In this way, the ports of Busan and Kaohsiung can establish themselves as world leaders in the Green Port initiatives. In this report, content analysis was performed on research focused on port environmental issues, the qualities of superior Green ports, and current trends in Green Port policy. Afterwards, there was interview analysis, performed through the elicitation of expert opinion. Lastly, there was a SWOT analysis, completed through the analysis of the information collected from interviews and reviews of Green Port issues. Through this SWOT analysis, effective development strategies were created. The SWOT analysis suggested the following strategies in the case of the port of Busan: 1) The establishment of a self-diagnosis system, 2) A regular Green Port Training program, 3) A carbon trading system, 4) The establishment of a Green Port executive committee. For the Port of Kaohsiung, SWOT analysis suggested the following strategies 1) Strengthen the quality of environmental education and expand the aims of this education, 2) Establish a carbon emission monitoring system, 3) Strengthen the environmental management system, 4) Strengthen the road map of the Green port at the Port of Kaohsiung. The implementation of these strategies can allow for the enhancement of the quality of Green Ports. Additionally, after interviewing specialists in charge of Green Port initiative at both the ports of Busan and Kaohsiung, these suggestions were found to be applicable to both the Port of Busan and Kaohsiung.