The Effects of Flipped Classroom Instruction Integrated with OpenCourseWare on Students’ Self-Regulation and Learning Outcome
|關鍵字:||開放式課程;翻轉課堂;自我調節;學習成效;OpenCourseWare;Flipped classroom;self-regulation;learning outcome|
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two types of instruction integrated with OpenCourseWare, the flipped classroom (the experimental group) and the distance education (the control group), on students’ self-regulation and learning outcome, including academic achievement, teacher- student interactions and learning satisfaction. The study utilized a quasi-experimental design, supported by the interviews. Participants were 181 freshmen in physics course who chose either control or experimental group voluntarily. The results showed no significant differences in participants’ overall self-regulation between the control and the experimental groups. However, one of the six factors in self-regulation, the help-seeking construct, of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group. Regarding the learning outcome, the experiment group showed significantly higher academic achievement than the control group. Although there was no significant difference in learning satisfaction and teacher-student interactions, the results showed that the mean values of both groups were greater than 4.5, indicating relatively high values of these two constructs. The results of this study suggest that educators should take learners’ willingness into account when selecting appropriate teaching strategies. In addition, with sufficient teaching resources, educators could consider incorporating a more interactive approach into the flipped classroom by providing positive peer and instructor influences and guidance. Finally, flipped classrooms focus on not only learning outcome but also learning progress. Therefore, educators may assess students’ learning outcome and track their learning progress with learning technologies. Recommendations for future studies related to flipped classroom and OpenCourseWare instructions were also provided.