How does the entrepreneurial leadership influence the employee creativity with the mediating mechanisms in the organization?
|關鍵字:||創業領導;創造力;獎酬;組織文化;感知組織支持;心理賦權;階層線性模型;entrepreneurial leadership;creativity;reward;organizational culture;perceived organizational support;psychological empowerment;hierarchical linear modeling (HLM)|
Leadership style and creativity has always been an important research field. However, the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on creativity has not been discussed. Entrepreneurial leadership is an emerging concept, which is proposed in response to the high-velocity and competitive business environments. Therefore, in the current research, we intend to answer the question “how does the entrepreneurial leadership influence the employee creativity with the mediating mechanisms in the organization?” We integrate the research in leadership and creativity and create a cross-level research framework to discuss the relationship between entrepreneurial leadership and employee creativity with mediating mechanisms. We assume entrepreneurial leadership will grasp innovative opportunities and create enterprise value. We further argue entrepreneurial leadership will impact the employee creativity either through organizational-level mediating mechanisms such as shaping creativity organizational culture and using reward distribution to motivate employee; or through individual-level mediating mechanisms such as increasing employee perceived organizational support and enhancing employee’s psychological empowerment to perform more creativity behavior. Above all, in the field of organization research, many of scholars emphasize the important of hierarchical analysis because individual in the same organization would be highly correlated which called nested nature of the data. Therefore, in this research, we use the hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) to verify the relationship between entrepreneurial leadership and employee creativity with the mediating effects of reward and organizational culture in organizational-level and the mediating effects of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment in individual-level. This research makes four contributions. Firstly, in terms of the field in leadership research, we explore entrepreneurial leadership as the core concept and discuss its influence on employee creativity. Secondly, in terms of the model we explore the mediating mechanisms and signify the importance of mediators on the relationship between entrepreneurial leadership and employee creativity. Thirdly, in terms the field in creativity research, we develop an “integrative” framework, which include reward and organizational culture in the organizational-level and perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment in the individual-level to discuss the factors influencing employee creativity. Finally, in terms of the methodology we use hierarchical linear modeling to verify the research model so that we can accurately understand the impact of the variability of employee creativity that is resulted from the factors in organizational-level and individual-level.