標題: 耦合系統中週期解之週期與振幅Periods and Amplitudes of Oscillations in Coupled Systems 作者: 陳冠維Chen, Kuan-Wei石至文Shih, Chih-Wen應用數學系數學建模與科學計算碩士班 關鍵字: 耦合系統;Hopf分支定理;同步破壞Hopf分支;前饋鍊;coupled systems;Hopf bifurcation theorem;synchrony-breaking Hopf bifurcation;feed-forward chain 公開日期: 2012 摘要: 在這篇論文中，我們探討有關耦合系統中週期解之週期與振幅。這份研究的動機主要來自我們對於生物時鐘的數學模型動態行為方面的興趣。在這論文中，我們耦合兩個微分方程系統，利用Hopf分支定理說明耦合系統週期解是存在的。觀察耦合系統週期與未耦合前子系統週期之間的關係。我們同時也探討了耦合系統週期解之振幅。我們討論有關前饋鍊上的週期解；在文獻中Golubitsky討論當三個細胞前饋鍊發生同步破壞Hopf分支時，產生的週期解振幅就會放大。我們針對這個結果做了整理，並且將其推廣到四個細胞的前饋鍊。最後，我們給予一些數值模擬來展現理論結果。In this thesis, we study the periods and amplitudes in coupled oscillations. The study is motivated by some interesting investigations in mathematical models on biological clocks. Herein, we couple two oscillators, and use the Hopf bifurcation theorem to show that the coupled oscillation is sustained. We observe the relation between the collective period and the isolated individual periods. We also study the amplitudes of oscillations in coupled systems. In particular, we discuss the oscillations in three-cell feed-forward by Golubitsky and collaborators, where synchrony-breaking Hopf bifurcations may happen in some feed-forward network, and amplify the periodic signals. We summarize these results, and extend the study to the variation of amplitudes in a four-cell feed-forward chain. Finally, we give some numerical simulation to illustrate our results. URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT070052305http://hdl.handle.net/11536/71568 顯示於類別： 畢業論文