標題: 數值模擬低速空氣噴流衝擊一大直徑加熱圓板之混合對流新渦流結構研究
Numerical Investigation of New Vortex Flow Patterns in a Low Speed Confined Air Jet Impinging onto a Large Heated Disk
作者: 劉立傑
Li-Chieh Liu
林清發
Tsing-Fa Lin
機械工程學系
關鍵字: 衝擊噴流;數值計算;混合對流;渦流;浮力;impinging jet;numerical;mixed convection;STAR-CD;vortex;buoyancy
公開日期: 2004
摘要: 本篇論文利用三維暫態數值模擬方法探討低速空氣噴流衝擊一大直徑加熱圓板之混合對流所產生之新渦流結構及其特性;以商用套裝計算流體力學軟體STAR-CD對流體的統御方程式進行求解,論文先定義出不同於以往混合空氣噴流常見的圓環形渦流結構之新流場結構;數值結果指出針對未加熱的底板(雷利數為0)發現有兩個穩定的圓環形渦流結構產生,分別為primary 與secondary inertia-driven rolls。當底板加熱,在較低的雷利數下,規則性圓環形 buoyancy-driven vortex flow由圓形底板的邊緣開始產生;接著在適中的雷利數下,許多的buoyancy roll開始出現在底板與頂板間的區域,且開始嚴重的變形,可清楚發現roll的中斷與分裂。在某些高的雷諾數下,inertia-driven roll 會分裂變成數個短的radial rolls。
A transient three-dimensional numerical simulation is carried out in the present study to investigate the new vortex flow patterns resulting from an air jet impinging onto a large horizontal heated disk with an upper plate confinement. The commercial computational fluid dynamics software STAR-CD is employed to solve the governing equations of the flow. Attention is focused on the identification of new flow structures other than the circular vortex rolls which are frequently seen in a mixed convective impinging jet. The results from this simulation indicate that the predicted steady vortex flow pattern for the cases with the unheated target plate (Ra = 0) consists of two circular rolls. They are the primary and secondary inertia-driven rolls. When the target disk is heated, the buoyancy-driven vortex flow in the form of regular circular rolls appears near the edge of the disk at low Rayleigh number. At intermediate Rayleigh numbers many buoyancy rolls appear in the region of the space between the target plate and confinement. These rolls are highly deformed. The termination and splitting of the rolls are clearly seen. At a certain high jet Reynolds number the primary inertia-driven roll may split into a number of short radial rolls.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT009214549
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/71469
Appears in Collections:Thesis


Files in This Item:

  1. 454901.pdf
  2. 454902.pdf
  3. 454903.pdf
  4. 454904.pdf
  5. 454905.pdf
  6. 454906.pdf
  7. 454907.pdf
  8. 454908.pdf
  9. 454909.pdf
  10. 454910.pdf
  11. 454911.pdf
  12. 454912.pdf
  13. 454913.pdf
  14. 454914.pdf
  15. 454915.pdf