標題: Optical Detection of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 and Type 18 by Sequence Sandwich Hybridization With Oligonucleotide-Functionalized Au Nanoparticles
作者: Chen, Sz-Hau
Lin, Kun-I
Tang, Chuan-Yi
Peng, Sheng-Lung
Chuang, Yao-Chen
Lin, Yi-Rou
Wang, Jui-Ping
Lin, Chih-Sheng
生物科技學系
Department of Biological Science and Technology
關鍵字: Au nanoparticles;diagnosis;human papillomavirus (HPV)
公開日期: 1-Jun-2009
摘要: The importance of detecting and subtyping human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in clinical and epidemiological studies has been well addressed. In detecting the most common types of HPV, type 16 (HPV-16) and type 18 (HPV-18), in the cervical mucous of patients in a simple and rapid manner, the assay of a label-free colorimetric DNA sensing method based on sequence sandwich hybridization with oligonucleotide-functionalized Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) was fabricated in this study. Specific oligonucleotide probes were designed for the sequence detection within the L1 gene of HPV-16 and HPV-18, and the probes were capped onto AuNPs, as AuNP probes. The target HPV sequences in clinical specimens were obtained by an asymmetric polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with universal primers, which can amplify the target sequences from several HPV serotypes, including HPV-16 and HPV-18. The DNA sandwich hybridization between the target sequences and the specific AuNP probes was performed at a temperature closer to the theoretical melting temperature of the DNA hybridization. Next, the procedure of increasing salt concentration and cooling the hybridizing solution was immediately utilized to discriminate the target sequences of HPV-16 or HPV-18. If the target sequences were not complementary to sequences of AuNP probes, the AuNPs would aggregate because no duplex DNA formation occurred such that the color of the reaction solution changed from red to purple. If the AuNP probes were a perfect match to the target sequences and a full DNA sandwich hybridization occurred, the reaction solution maintained its red color. A total of 70 mucous specimens from patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were tested by the AuNP probes sandwich hybridization. The results show that there were 33, 16, 5, and 16 cases detected with HPV-16, HPV-18, both HPV-16 and HPV-18 (HPV-16/HPV-18), and neither HPV-16 nor HPV-18, respectively. In comparison with the specific detection by TaqMan real-time PCR assays for HPV-16, the detection sensitivity and specificity of the AuNP probes sandwich hybridization reached 95% and 90%, respectively, for HPV-16 diagnosis.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNB.2008.2011733
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/7131
ISSN: 1536-1241
DOI: 10.1109/TNB.2008.2011733
期刊: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOBIOSCIENCE
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
起始頁: 120
結束頁: 131
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