Positioning and Subgrouping Small States Based on Vulnerability-Related Socioeconomic Characteristics: Groundwork for Tactics of International Assistance
Cherng G. Ding
|關鍵字:||小型國家;脆弱度;國際援助;特殊及差別待遇;因素分析;集群分析;多維尺度分析;small states;vulnerability;aid;special and differential treatment;factor analysis;cluster analysis;multidimensional scaling|
This dissertation focuses on two parallel but related issues regarding the vulnerability position of small states in the global trade regime and the allocation of international development aid resources to them. The relative vulnerability positions of developing but not least-developed countries were first established using a two-dimensional configuration based on multiple aspects of economic vulnerability. A map showing the overall vulnerability positioning of the countries was then created. Differences among small states were further investigated by sub-grouping the subject countries using cluster analysis based on their respective socioeconomic characteristics. Seven common factors were first extracted from 25 key socioeconomic indicators. Cluster analysis based on factor scores was then used to obtain distinct clusters of small states. Nine well-delineated clusters of small states with similar characteristics were thus obtained. Based on these findings, managerial implications for international community, including provisions of differential treatment in the global trade regime shift as well as tactics of international aid, are presented. This research provides new directions to the international community in designing development aid strategies that effectively and efficiently allocate resources among small developing states.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|