The Effects of Industrial Clusters levels on Innovation Performance－An Empirical Study of Electronic Industry Firms in Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park
Prof. Quang-Hua Chen
|關鍵字:||產業群聚;創新績效;Industry clusters;Innovation performance|
Small and medium enterprises(SMES) have played critical roles on Taiwan’s economic construction. Limited by the scale of enterprises, the technical level and R&D ability of Taiwan’s SMEs falls behind the enterprises in advanced countries such as Europe countries, USA and Japan. Moreover, the production cost in Taiwan is much higher than cost in emerging countries such as Mainland China. To confront this situation, developing innovation ability to create the competitive advantages has been the only strategy for Taiwan’s economy facing the challenge of globalization. Many academies suggested that the enterprises in the interative network of cluster could acquire complementary resources as knowledge, information, capital and material, as well as the advantages of averaging risks and sharing resources, which were beneficial to develop innovation activities from this interactive network. The electronic industry firms in Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park is the representative of economic developing in Taiwan for recent years and choosen as the object for this study to examin how industry clusters in Taiwan effect innovation performance by reviewing related literatures and empirical survey. This study apply a general survey to all electronic firms in Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park - 324 questionaries are mailed to the upper managements, 72 effective questionaries are received, and Canonical Correlation Analysis and Mutiple Regression Analysis are used for the data analysis. The result of this study demonstrates that higher industry clusters level will effect higher integral innovation performance, it means the level of geographic aggregating and interactive between the related organizations or firms can predict integral innovation performance conspicuously. Futher analysing the effects on the each construct of innovation performance respectively, the results demonstrates that higher industry clusters level will effect higher performance of “innovation on products”, “innovation on producing procedures” and “innovation on strategies”, but won’t effect the higher performance of “innovation on organizing”. Therefore, this study suggests, to those industries which rely on innovation capability as their core competitive advantage, the government shall unify the fields of industries, official units, education units and research institutes to intergrate the resources and create advantageous environment for developing industrial clusters to advance the innovation capability as well as competitive capacity of Taiwan’s industries.