The Study of Efficiency Estimation of The County/City Fire Departments In Taiwan
Dr. Chyan Yang
|關鍵字:||效率評估;消防機關;資料包絡分析法;Tobit迴歸;Efficiency Estimation;Fire Department;Data Envelopment Analysis;Tobit Regression|
In spite of the high-tech era in the 21-century nowadays, people still suffer threat from the fire. There are serious casualties around the world because of fires recently. For example, a fire happened in a high school in Siberia of Russia on April 8, 2003. Unfortunately, it caused 21 students and one teacher burned and died. And at the early period of 1990s in Taiwan, fires of having casualties about 20 to 30 people had ever occurred as well. After these accidents made the public shake, the government had realized the urgency to improve the public fire safety and had begun to amend the policy to divorce the fire agency from the police system. Consequently, the National Fire Agency was established on March 1, 1995 by the Ministry of the Interior and continually revised relative regulations and laws about fire prevention. Each county and city founded the fire departments in accordance to the law. From then on, the entire fire-fighting system began to work on and made serious public fires disappear in Taiwan recently. The purpose of this study is to develop the suitable estimation model. Through the correlative literatures about the government sections and the nonprofit organizations, we can establish an efficiency estimation model fitting for every county/city fire departments. In the meanwhile, we can get Technical Efficiency, Pure Technical Efficiency and Scale Efficiency through Data Envelopment Analysis and will find out the inefficiency reasons. Furthermore, this study also discusses the return to scale of every county/city fire departments and provides suggestion to improve efficiency. Finally, this study adopts the two stages analysis model and the Tobit regression to understand the real reasons as a result of the original differences between environments of county/city fire departments. The result of this study can assist to improve the present performance estimation model of public fire safety. Moreover, on the one hand, it can provide the practical methods to improve efficiency for the county/city governments. On the other hand, it shows that the number of people under the jurisdiction have the significance level to the relative efficiency of fire departments. This consequence can be a reference that the fire departments draw up the policy of public fire safety. For example, fire departments can strengthen the measures of fire protection and fire suppression at the places with a large number of residents.