標題: 多媒體串流處理器之運算單元設計
An ALU Cluster Design for Media Streaming Processors Architecture
作者: 林庭瑋
Ting-Wei Lin
闕河鳴
Herming Chiueh
電信工程研究所
關鍵字: 多媒體;串流處理器;運算單元;ALU Cluster;Media Streaming Processors Architecture;memory bandwidth hierarchy;low power;concurrency;locality
公開日期: 2005
摘要: 近期相關的研究已提出利用串流架構來解決多媒體應用在傳統處理器架構上執行的缺點。除此之外,對行動式的系統而言,低功率消耗的考量已變成一個重要的議題,但是目前的串流架構並沒有針對以上的要求去解決。因此,在本研究中提出了將一個多媒體串流架構與數個低功率電路設計的方法結合在一起來解決以上的要求。而本論文的目的是設計一個多媒體串流處理器的運算單元,且基於史丹佛大學所提出的串流處理器架構,在本研究的微架構上考慮了設計的可行性,及利用電腦輔助軟體的模擬結果來決定各個功能單元的架構。並且此架構結合了階層式的頻寬設計,來有效的利用記憶體之間的頻寬。在實驗數據的預估顯示上,針對多媒體應用及基頻通訊系統方面去執行所選定的標準檢查程式,並藉由動態的選擇所要使用的運算單元總數目,可將功率損耗與能量消耗變成可調整式的。因此,對於一個行動式的系統,其即時的效能表現與能量消耗之間的取捨成為可以做最佳化的。所以此提出的架構與相關類似的架構相比之下,已經對有限的電池壽命在功率消耗和執行時間之間提供一個重要的突破。
Recent research has proposed using streaming architecture to provide a leap in media applications that are poorly matched to conventional processor architecture. Besides, low power considerations are becoming an important issue for mobile systems, but streaming architecture solutions do not fit in above requirements. Therefore, in this research, a combination of media streaming architecture and low power circuitry design methodology is proposed. An ALU Cluster design for media streaming architecture is presented in this thesis, which is based on Stanford Imagine stream architecture with the consideration of implementation feasibility. The back-end simulation results decide the final micro-architecture of each component, and utilize communication bandwidth hierarchy design to effectively solve the problem of scarce memory bandwidth. The experimental results show that the power and energy consumption of selected benchmark for multimedia and baseband communication systems become scalable by dynamic selecting the number of utilized ALU Clusters. Thus, the instant performance and energy consumption of an entire work can be optimized for mobile systems. The proposed design has provided a breakthrough for similar architectures.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT009213598
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/70401
Appears in Collections:Thesis


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