A Study of the Relationship between Public Transit Provision and Private Vehicle Ownership: a Case Study of College Students in Taipei Metropolitan Area and Hsinchu City
|關鍵字:||私人運具擁有;大眾運輸供應;private vehicle ownership;public transit provision|
The private vehicle ownership in Taiwan increases as national income increases, while the speed of road construction can not catch up the speed of increases in automobiles and motorcycles. Thus, it seems impossible to reduce the degree of road congestion by the way of increasing road capacity. The only possible way is transport demand management. This study compares the usage of various modes in Taipei metropolitan area and Hsinchu City. Investigating whether the operation of Taipei Mass Transit has increased the proportion and willingness of people to use public transit, and in the meantime, trying to find out whether people in Hsinchu City has larger ownership and usage of private vehicles due to the lack of mass transit system. Finally, strategies and suggestions for mitigating traffic congestion are provided for government reference, and relevant study problems and directions are provided for academic research. The study results indicate that, as the service level and quality of public transit improving, people’s willingness of owning and purchasing automobile can be lowered, and it does attract people to ride more, thus achieving the goal of relieving road congestion in metropolitan area. As to the aspect of gender, male is found out to be more preferable of private vehicles than female, and uses less public transit. College students with private vehicle ownership at home are more preferable to have vehicles own by themselves. The students with preference of automobile and motorcycle ownership tend to have more willingness to purchase the vehicles. There is no significant difference in automobile ownership among different regions. However, the proportion of people who are willing to use public transit is higher in Taipei than that in Hsinchu. And finally, more than eighty percent of college students are willing to reduce the ownership and usage of private vehicles, in case that public transit has been improving. So we conclude that the best way of solving traffic congestion problem is to improve public transit system.