Technology Innovation Management of Industrial Technology Research Institute in Taiwan
Benjamin J. C. Yuan
|關鍵字:||研發機構;工業技術研究院;技術創新;技術創新管理;經營政策;創業精神;人才培育;研發成果落實;Research institute;Industrial Technology Research Institute;technological innovation;technology innovation management;operation policy;entrepreneurial spirit;nurture of potential employee;implementation of R & D result|
Taiwan’s continuous economic growth during the last forty years has ushered in a new industrial structure. Predominately, this shift from labor-intensive light industries to high-tech industries has been brought about by applied research oriented research institutes, who have supplied the technological skills necessary to reshape industry. The Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) is one such institute. It has acted as both an important enabler of industrial development and a vehicle for the Taiwanese government to precipitate progress in industry. From its’ early stages, ITRI worked in accordance with government policy to develop industrial technology. ITRI efforts also helped to stimulate the newly formed technological industry within Taiwan. These farsighted actions have led to national economic prosperity while providing a backbone for the maturation of Taiwanese industry. As Taiwan continues to stay ahead of the curve, refining this structure, just as industry underwent a change from a labor-intensive structure to a technological and capital-intensive one, involves lateral thinking and a pooling of resources. This is precisely what ITRI has done. ITRI is a national research institute that has always employed methods to bridge the public and private sectors. In turn, ITRI serves to promote technological innovation worldwide. Along with ITRI’s significant contributions to the development of industry in Taiwan, it sets a standard for other developing nations that are striving to improve their own technological industries. These achievements have brought ITRI worldwide acclaim; furthermore, the methods ITRI has used to foster technology innovation have become sought-after information in a market eager for know-how. This study examines the innovative management and methodology used to spark the development of applied technologies which ITRI, as a technologically-oriented research institute, has employed. These actions, performed in concert with government policy, may be the cornerstone of Taiwan’s ability to elevate its’ own industrial standards. In-depth interviews with various research institutes and corporate executives who are familiar with the way ITRI operates were also used within this study. The study serves to both examine the most effective methods for ITRI to advance technological innovation, and to pinpoint the key factors within the daily operational procedure. ITRI’s real time methods were put under the microscope, an analysis of ITRI’s attributes was conducted, and various factors were assessed for their ability to impact ITRI’s ability to innovate. In particular, the management policy, development strategy, efforts to nurture nascent industry, utilization of human resources, and the application of R&D results were scrutinized by examining both ITRI’s infrastructure and the implementation of its’ unique vision. This information may serve as a reference for subsequent related studies. This study also used the IC Technology Project - commissioned to ITRI by the MOEA - as a case study. ITRI’s ability to act as a gateway of technology has affected its unique organizational culture and operating mechanisms; this study measures how the culture has formed an innovative model that benefits Taiwan industrial as a whole.