The Integration Model of Sustainable Transportation Indices and Strategies
|關鍵字:||永續運輸發展;運輸策略;評估指標;多準則最佳化;sustainable transportation development;transportation strategy;evaluation index;multicriteria optimazation|
Sustainable transportation development requires consideration of the interaction of a planned transportation system with nature and society under present and long-term future conditions. It requires prediction of possible future changes in all variables relevant to the plan, e.g. geological and ecological conditions, as well as socio-economic conditions, including a potential change in society’s value system. Transportation facilities and activities can have significant environmental, social and economic impacts, and sustainable transportation development is a multicriteria task. The multicriteria optimization method may be applied to achieve an acceptable compromise. Multicriteria optimization is considered as a complex and dynamic process in which one managerial level and one engineering level can be distinguished. The compromise ranking method (known as VIKOR) is introduced as one applicable technique to implement within multicriteria optimization. The multicriteria model can treat all relevant conflicting affects and impacts in their representative units. It is assumed that a framework for building evaluation indices has been developed for sustainable transportation development. The established evaluation indices will be a basis for the optimization criteria. The integration model of sustainable transportation indices and strategies sustainability will be developed as a main project goal. The strategies sustainability will be determine by multicriteria ranking of generated strategies, and the priorities of sustainable transportation strategies could be proposed.