標題: 利用連續小波轉換檢測模擬樑之裂縫
Crack Detection in Model Beam Using Continuous Wavelet Transform
作者: 黎明璟
Ming Ching Lee
洪士林
Shih Lin Hung
土木工程學系
關鍵字: 連續小波轉換;Continuous Wavelet Transform
公開日期: 2002
摘要: 應用小波轉換於模擬樑的裂縫檢測已在許多研究中被討論,此篇論文的目的在於檢視此法的可行性。利用小波為破壞檢測工具的主要因素是小波可調整其在時間域的區間大小以獲得一個訊號的區域資訊。利用Lipschitz exponent 定義模擬樑的模態函數之”健康狀況”,區域破壞的資訊可以被具有適當vanishing moments的小波淬取出來。當解析度足夠高的時候,在小波轉換最大值發生的位置,即是破壞位置。在數值分析中,首先觀察模擬樑的前六個模態函數之小波轉換,並利用Mexican hat wavelet為母波。接下來,利用連續小波轉換檢測不同程度的破壞,破壞分別以減少10%,20%,30%,40%的斷面高度模擬。最後,不同母波的檢測能力也被討論,分別是Mexican hat, Db2 and Sym2 小波。分析結果顯示,並沒有特定的模態特別有利於破壞檢測, 而即使在破壞只有10% 的時候,小波仍能在某些模態檢測出裂縫,而只要vanishing moment為二以上的小波都具有良好的檢測能力,即使波形不同。 因此,小波轉換檢測技術在檢測實際的破壞應有很好的能力。
This work investigates the feasibility of using the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) to detect cracks in a model beam, which has been widely discussed in many researches recently. The reason of employing wavelets as a damage detection tool is that wavelets can adapt its size in time to focus on the local structures of a signal. Lipshcitz exponent is used to define the “health” condition of the mode shapes of a model beam, and the damage information can be extracted by wavelets with proper vanishing moments. The damage location can be identified using the wavelet modulus maxima in the finer scale. In the numerical examples, the CWT of the first six mode shapes of a model beam with Mexican hat wavelets is observed first. Then we inspect the CWT with Mexican hat wavelets in different damage levels which are simulated by reducing 10%,20%,30% and 40% cross section height respectively. At last, the detection abilities of different mother wavelets, Mexican hat, Db2 and Sym2 wavelets, are examined. The result shows that not a specific mode dominates the detection ability and the CWT can detect defects which are extremely minor with proper mode shapes, moreover, different families of wavelets with 2 vanishing moments can equally perceive the damage, for proper scales. The CWT technique may be promisingly applied to the real discrete vibration data.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#NT910015022
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/69715
Appears in Collections:Thesis