An Integrated Approach of Web-Based Cooperative Learning
|關鍵字:||合作學習;思考風格;問題導向;鷹架;以網路為基礎;Cooperative Learning;Thinking Styles;Problem-Based;Scaffolding;Web-Based|
This study aims at three goals. The first is to explore the design of a web-based cooperative learning environment, based on scaffolding processes, cooperative-learning strategies, and problem-based design. The second is to investigate the design of cooperative learning activities. The third is about learning effects and the interaction processes among students of different thinking styles and performances in a web-based cooperative learning context. Empirical research methods are employed in this study. The first graders of a national senior high commercial school were selected as research subjects. Based on their thinking styles, they were categorized into heterogeneous groups, high-executive groups, and non-style groups. Meanwhile, those students were also partitioned into two categories according to their entrance examination grades. After the experiments were finished, the students’ records on the web database were collected and analyzed. Based on this study, there are conclusions have been made, as following: The first is that there is a significant difference in the works between the heterogeneous group and the others. The second is the self-content of high-grade group has a positive effect on their works. The third is the grade factor is a positive effect on self-content, and both the grade and style are positive effect on interaction process. There is obvious interaction between the two factors is also observed, and there is a significant difference between low-grade- heterogeneous groups and all others. The primary contribution of this study is to integrate various technologies and concepts about web-based cooperative learning. The achievements and interactions among learners are improved, and the interactions between an instructor and learners are also improved through the learning activity based on the web-based cooperative learning environment.