A Construction of Information System for Knowledge Management at Elementary and Junior High Schools for the Nine-Year-Curriculum
|關鍵字:||九年一貫課程;知識管理;知識工程;統一建模語言;Nine-Year-Curriculum;Knowledge Management;Knowledge Engineering;UML|
|摘要:||教育部於1999年公佈了國民教育階段九年一貫課程。九年一貫課程下中小學教師必須參與「學校本位」課程發展，教師必須自行發展教材和課程。九年一貫課程強調「課程統整」，以「七大學習領域」整合過去過度分科，注重各領域間的聯繫，而促使教師「協同教學」。知識管理已協助企業界發展良好的團隊合作(team work)文化。 教師是典型知識工作者(knowledge worker)，若中小學實行知識管理，更能協助教師發展「協同教學」(team teaching)。 資訊科技能有效率地協助人們工作，同樣地，資訊科技亦能有效率地協助教師達成知識管理。
本研究旨在研究如何建構中小學知識管理資訊系統以協助九年一貫課程下「協同教學」及「學校本位」課程發展。研究中首先探討教育、知識管理和等相關文獻，作為建構中小學知識管理資訊系統時的理論依據；再探討企業界發展成熟的知識管理系統範例，以其為系統實作時可採用的資訊技術之參考。 在系統實作前，以UML來分析系統。系統實作時以ASP、Visual Basic、VB script和JAVA script等為開發時的程式語言，而整個系統建構在Microsoft Windows 2000 server平台上。|
The Ministry of Education issued the new curriculum of compulsory education stage in 1999. Under the nine-year-curriculum, teachers at the elementary and junior high schools must participate in school-based curriculum development (SBCD) and have to develop instructional materials and courses on their own. The nine-year-curriculum emphasizes curriculum integration so that it can target seven major subject areas to connect each area instead of stressing on the excessively separate subjects teaching approach used previously and makes the teachers “team teaching”. Knowledge management (KM) has already helped the business develop an excellent teamwork culture. The teacher is a typical knowledge worker. If the elementary and junior high schools can employ knowledge management, KM can also help teachers develop the team teaching. Information technology can more effectively help people work as well as more effectively help teachers achieve the knowledge management. The purpose of this thesis is how to build knowledge management information system at the elementary and junior high schools and help teachers to achieve team teaching and SBCD. First of all, the research reviewed the related literatures such as education, knowledge management, and knowledge engineering, which are theoretical basis to build the knowledge management information system at the elementary and junior high schools. Furthermore, it probed into the model of the well-developed knowledge management system in business as an example in order to be reference for a system implementation. Before the system is implemented, we’ll apply Unified Modeling Language (UML) to analyze the system first. In the process of the system implementation, we use ASP, Visual Basic, VB script, and JAVA script as programming languages, and moreover, the whole system is built on the platform of Microsoft Windows 2000 server.