標題: 模糊多準則非加法型評估之研究∼以「汽車銷售服務品質」為例
A Fuzzy MCDM Framework with the Non-Additive Evaluation for Service Quality Performance: Case of Automobile Sales
作者: 唐良萍
Liang-Ping Tang
曾國雄
Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng
管理學院科技管理學程
關鍵字: 服務品質;多準則評估;因子分析;層級分析法;模糊測度;模糊積分;灰關聯分析;模糊多準則非加法型評估方法;service quality;multiple criteria decision making;factor analysis;analytical hierarchy process;fuzzy measure;fuzzy integral;grey relation;fuzzy multi-criteria non-additive evaluation
公開日期: 2001
摘要: 近年台灣汽車業蓬勃發展,市場日趨競爭,改善銷售服務品質,提高顧客滿意,已為各業者極為重要的競爭策略。本研究針對「服務品質」評估問題,屬質化多準則決策,且準則間存在非獨立性,從以往學者既有研究基礎出發,建置有效的「模糊多準則非加法型評估方法」,其處理步驟摘述如后: 1. 依據文獻與業界評鑑資料,蒐整汽車銷售業務服務品質有關的「準則」; 2. 利用因子分析掌握關鍵性變異,簡化「準則」、歸類「構面」,建立階層分析架構,降低評估的複雜性; 3. 利用模糊理論,將評估資料以三角模糊數表示,使評估者的主觀、模糊與不確定性能更準確表達,增加被使用數據的客觀性。 4. 利用三角模糊數替代單一明確值,作為模糊測度與模糊積分之基本運算資料,擴展多準則非加法型評估方法的實用範圍。 5. 利用灰關聯分析僅須少樣本數據、無分佈要求之特性,將模糊理論與灰色理論有效結合使用,建立灰關聯排序模式。 「模糊多準則非加法型評估方法」建立後,進行N牌汽車各區經銷商服務品質之評估,藉以驗證模式合理性與實用性,並提供業者建立改善銷售服務品質之參考。
As the automobile market is blooming and competition gets fierce, to increase customer satisfaction by improving sales quality has become an important strategy in Taiwan’s automobile industry. This research focuses on service quality evaluation with respect to qualitative multi-criteria and inter-criterion dependence, and constructs an effective “fuzzy multi-criteria non-additive evaluation method” based on previous researchers’ studies. The steps to construct the model are described as below: 1. To collect quality-related criteria of automobile sales service according to literature studies and business assessment. 2. To simplify criteria and categorize various objectives by employing factor analysis to control critical variances, and construct a framework of hierarchical analysis to reduce complexity of evaluation. 3. To express evaluated data in terms of triangular fuzzy numbers, which could overcome subjectivity, fuzziness, and uncertainty of assessors and interpret more accurately and enhance the usability of data. 4. To replace the single and precise values employed by fuzzy measure and fuzzy integral with triangular fuzzy numbers, and then expand the utility of multi-criteria non-additive evaluation method. 5. To combine Fuzzy and Grey theory to establish a ranking model enabled by Grey Relation Analysis’s characteristics of requiring only a small number of sample data. After the methodology is established, it will be employed in brand N car’s regional agencies’ sales service quality assessment to validate the model’s rationality and utility, and help business to improve their sales service quality.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#NT900685011
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/69555
Appears in Collections:Thesis