Title: Structural and superconducting properties of phases in the underdoped Y-2(Ba1-xSrx)(4)Cu7O14+delta system: The evidence for a chemical pressure effect
Authors: Lu, TR
Chen, TM
Department of Applied Chemistry
Keywords: high-pressure synthesis;underdoped Y-2(Ba1-xSrx)(4)Cu7O14+delta;Rietveld refinement;electrical resistivity;chemical pressure effect
Issue Date: 1-Mar-1997
Abstract: An attempt was made to investigate the chemical pressure effect (i.e., smaller isovalent cation substitution) on the superconductivity of phases in the Y-2(Ba1-xSrx)(4)Cu7O14+delta (Sr-doped 247) system. A series of Sr-doped 247 phases with x = 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.175, 0.20 and 0.30 were prepared under 20 bar of oxygen at 900 degrees C, followed by thermal annealing under 100 bar of oxygen at 300 degrees C and slowly cooled down to ambient temperature. The solubility limit of Sr in the 247 phase was found to be ca. 0.10 to 0.15 and the orthorhombic lattice distortion for the Sr-doped 247 phases increased with increasing Sr content, as determined from X-ray diffraction (XRD). Rietveld refinement based on the XRD data obtained for Y-2(Ba0.9Sr0.1)(4)Cu7O14.74 indicated that 92.5% of Sr atoms substituted for the Ba sites in the YBa2Cu4O8 subcell. The T-c of the Sr-doped 247 phases increased from 72 K(x = 0) to 75 K(x = 0.10) monotonically upon Sr substitution, as indicated by both dc resistivity and magnetic susceptibility data. The dopant composition coefficient of T-c, dT(c)/dx, for the series of Sr-doped 247 phases with 0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.10 was also determined to be +7.5 K per Sr atom per formula unit based on magnetic susceptibility data. We have demonstrated that the principle of chemical pressure effect can be applied to enhance T-c in a series of Sr-doped 247 phases without applying high physical pressure.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/692
ISSN: 0921-4534
Journal: PHYSICA C
Volume: 276
Issue: 1-2
Begin Page: 75
End Page: 83
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  1. A1997WQ09200010.pdf