Adopting Global Export Control System in Taiwan
Dr. Hsiao-Cheng Yu
|關鍵字:||出口管制;瓦聖那協議;核子供應國集團;澳洲集團;飛彈技術管制;防止擴散;大規模毀滅性武器;出口許可證;Export Control;Wassenaar Arrangement;Nuclear Suppliers Group;Australia Group;MTCR;Anti-Proliferation;Mass Destruction Weapon;Export License|
Export control is a highly emphasized and vigorously implemented international practice that is also periodically reviewed. Its original purpose was to help preserving the world peace by controlling the proliferation of massive destruction weapons and the technologies, as well as the transaction of military or dual-use goods that may be used for similar weapon development purposes. Besides, many international organizations also utilize this mechanism as a measure to enforce international order. The international community has been aggressively promoting the export control system among the nations. In order to effectively institute the system into the enterprises, Europe, U.S., and Japan have established detailed self-managing regulations to encourage the enterprises in exercising the export control by themselves in lieu of being passively regulated by the agencies. The goal is to introduce an effective and long-term self-managing mechanism inside the enterprise so that the export control can be substantially managed. Although Taiwan is not a member nation of any international export control organizations, we still aggressively pursue and participate in any development of specifications in this field for the purpose of helping to preserve the world peace and improving the trading framework. This is an important issue because some of our hi-tech industries rely on imports of advanced goods, technologies, and equipment from Europe, U.S., and Japan to achieve higher technical capabilities. If we do not have an effective export control process, it could lead to hi-tech export restriction or embargo from international community and therefore affect the industry development. It has been six years since our government established and implemented the export control regulation in 1995. Basically, the policy and regulation almost completely followed the general practices adopted in international community. There is no doubt that the regulation meets the common requirements. However, there are still some deficiencies comparing to Western nations in terms of actually carrying out the effective measures of export control. In fact, most of our enterprises still don't have good understanding about the substances of export control. It is no surprise that they have even more difficulties in establishing an effective system of self-management. The purpose of this research is to study the export control system of our own country and other major nations. A comprehensive summary and suggestions are proposed for reference by government and industry. It is hoped that the study can help in elevating our export control system to a higher level.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|